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9 avril 2013 2 09 /04 /avril /2013 06:48

Vaginal Cancer

 

Vaginal cancer is an extremely rare cancer and its exact causes are still not known. The genetic mutation of the healthy cells causes the normal cells to grow abnormally. They start multiplying uncontrollably. These cells do not die and start accumulating to form a tumor and may metastasize. If this cancer occurs because the endometrial or cervical cancer has spread, it is known as secondary vaginal cancer.

 

http://www.cancer8.com/img/vaginal-cancer-picture.jpegThe vaginal squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type that is found lining the surface of the vagina. When the glandular cells on the vaginal surface are affected, it is called vaginal adenocarcinoma. If it develops in the smooth muscles or connective tissue cells, it is vaginal sarcoma. If it is found in melanocytes, it is called vaginal melanoma. Mostly the women above the age of fifty seem to be getting affected by this dangerous cancer. The other risk factors include sex at an extremely young age, multiple sex partners, HIV infection, smoking, etc.

 

The most common symptoms include unusual vaginal bleeding occurring normally after intercourse or menopause, pelvic pain, mass or lump in the vagina, watery vaginal discharge, pain while urinating, constipation, etc. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is essential that you visit your doctor immediately and get examined. The women who are diagnosed in earlier stages can be cured easily. Timely detection will definitely increase the survival rate. The cancer can be diagnosed by doing an internal pelvic exam as well as a Pap smear. X-ray, CT scan, MRI, biopsy, etc. may be required to determine the type and stage of the vaginal cancer.

 

GYN_symptoms_matrix.jpgThe most common treatment include chemotherapy and radiation therapy, however, doctors are still working to gain knowledge about this cancer, what are its causes, and how to treat it. Research and trials are going on to find out ways to provide symptomatic relief as well as reduce the side effects of the vaginal cancer treatment. Surgery may be done in stage I adenocarcinomas and is dependent on the size and stage of the cancer. This may include laser surgery, loop electroexcision, radical vaginectomy, lymphadenectomy, pelvic exenteration or vaginectomy alongwith radical hysterectomy.

 

This cancer can definitely be prevented by lowering the risks involved. For example, avoid sex at a young age, avoid having multiple sex partners, make use of condoms to prevent human papilloma virus infection, etc. It is vital that you get regular Pap tests done, so that the cancer is diagnosed in earlier stages, thus ensuring better treatment and increasing your life span as well. Inform your doctor if your grandmother or mother was taking diethylstilbestrol. Also, make it a point to minimize the use of tobacco and smoking.

 

Now that you are fully aware about some of the basic facts about vaginal cancer, make sure you take every step to prevent its occurrence. Do regular health check ups to avoid the development of this rare vaginal cancer. If you need any more information, you can visit cancer8.com for further details.

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Published by Caren - dans Cancer
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12 juin 2012 2 12 /06 /juin /2012 10:43

Multiple myeloma cancer prevention is the best and safest option to keep away from malfunctioning of plasma cells. Prevention of multiple myeloma cancer also helps to avoid different health complications that may arise due to generation of abnormal cells. Treatments that are generally executed for curing the disorder are harsh and require long time for a person to recover safely.  Some treatments have to be undergone just to curb further cancer growth as complete elimination of malignancy is unfeasible. This increases probability of multiple myelona cancer recurrence. Hence, prevention is the best logical way out.

 

Undergoing Multiple Myeloma Cancer Prevention

 

Plasma cells form an important part of human immune system. They help in generating certain proteins which further help to fight different forms of cancerous and non-cancerous disorders. In short, they help to generate anti-bodies that play a vital role in stabilizing immune system. Hence, timely generation of plasma cells and their efficient functioning is vital for body.

 

Cancer of multiple myeloma is a condition wherein certain factors cause plasma cells present in bone marrow to behave abnormally and develop uncontrollably. Such factors can be age, medical history of victim or his family, immune system of a person, and race or ethnicity. Those who have crossed 65 years of age have high chances of going through multiple myeloma infection and treating tumors efficiently becomes time-consuming and difficult as a person grows older. Prevention in the form of regular medical examinations right since age of 45-50 years can put a person on a considerably safer side and discourage formation of polyps.

 

People belonging to African Asian race have been found to be more susceptible to multiple myeloma cancer than the ones from Asian American. Gender is also an important factor with chances of the disorder more in males than females. Medical history is an important aspect deciding on the chances of tumor development in plasma cells because those who have been previously diagnosed and treated for the disorder may further suffer from recurrent phase of tumor formation. Hence, prevention is an important process even for those who have been treated for the disorder in the past. Genetic causes also lead to abnormality in plasma cells and thus, a person belonging to a family with at least one member suffering from or have been treated for any type of cancer must take good care about health and approach for medical attention as and when necessary.

 

Multiple myeloma tumors can be primary or secondary. Primary tumors have their origin in plasma cells located in bone marrow and spread to rest of the part in later stages. Secondary ones can form due to various causes and their formation is not limited to the risk factors considered for primary tumor growth. Also, the chances of fatality are high in secondary tumors as the infection is already spread to several areas and controlling malignancy is a difficult task.

 

Certain diagnosis methods are highly effective in detecting and curing tumors. Such methods include bone biopsy, complete biopsy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, ultrasound, bone density test, tests to check protein and calcium levels, and CT (Computed Tomography) scan. Some other basic ones are CBC (Complete Blood Count), albumin level test, kidney functioning test, and X-rays.

 

Multiple myeloma cancer prevention can become easy if the ways of identifying tumor-growth are known. Bone pains, difficulties in normal body movements and severe joint pains, renal failure, hypercalcaemia, anemia, and sudden rise or fall in protein level are some of the easily identifiable symptoms. One should also take good care of dietary and other lifestyle habits and consult a physician for proper living pattern.   

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Published by Caren - dans Cancer
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7 mai 2012 1 07 /05 /mai /2012 11:08

Understanding lymphoma cancer survival rate is very important as it assists in knowing overall chances of a victim to survive in a particular lymphoma cancer stage. Lymphoma cancer life expectancy is generally calculated from the time of diagnosis and is useful in deciding on most suitable treatment pattern to control abnormal growth effectively. This helps to reduce chances of recurrent phase of tumors thus, avoiding serious health complications in future.

 

Importance of Understanding Lymphoma Cancer Survival Rate

 

Cancer that arises in lymph cells can cause very serious consequences if not detected properly or ignored for a long time. Lymph nodes are spread to almost all vital areas of human body and are the main carriers of a fluid known as lymph. Lymph contains vital form of cells like B cells and T cells. B cells play an important part in developing and maintaining immune system and help body cells and tissues to fight various kinds of disorders and infections naturally without undergoing any special form of cure. T cells are the main generators of anti-bodies and play a significant part in curbing infection at the least possible level. Hence, it is necessary to avoid cancerous growth in lymph cells as their malfunctioning can lead to irreparable damage to one or more areas and may also become a major cause of secondary cancer of other organs like lungs, kidneys, abdomen, skin etc.

 

Survival rate of lymphoma cancer is an important parameter to judge overall capacity of victim in fighting the disorder. Main concern related to survival rate is the stage of cancerous disorder of lymph nodes one is going through. Factors like age, medical background, and kind of cancerous growth matter a lot in determining lymphoma cancer life expectancy. Life expectancy is a prediction and may alter on positive side if a person has strong immune system and has undergone correct treatments at right time.

 

Age is an important dimension playing key role in calculating chances of survival. As a person grows older, body tissues become weak and nonresistant to various infections and are also less responsive to treatments undergone. Thus, chances of curbing growth of cancer cells in initial stages are less and probability of fast spread of infection or recurrence of tumors is quite high. Old people  also have chances of suffering from other non-cancerous but serious chronic disorders that might indirectly help cancer infection to develop in various areas of body.

 

Other main factor responsible for decrease in survival rate is personal medical history or background of the victim. People going through recurrent stage of cancer of lymph nodes suffer from very low lymphoma cancer survival rate and chances are recovery are also less. Cancer of lymphocytes is of two major kinds as Hodgkin's Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma  (NHL). There are almost 70 different patterns of cancerous infections in lymphocytes covered under these two categories. Survival rate may differ according to category of infection and the impact caused to victim can also differ accordingly.

 

Basic Lymphoma Cancer Survival Rate

 

In the most initial stage when tumors have their presence only in the local region, five-year survival rate can be as high as 91% which then decreases to 78% in intermediate stage. In the last and final stage, chances of survival can be around 53%, says statistical report by American Cancer Society (United States of America).

 

Lymphoma cancer survival rate can be maximum if medical supervision is apt and according to suitability of victim's condition. One should also focus on proper diet to attain maximum lymphoma cancer life expectancy.  

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Published by Caren - dans Cancer
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5 avril 2012 4 05 /04 /avril /2012 13:09

Lung cancer care is a technique used by both victims as well as physicians to keep cancerous infection under control and avoid severe side-effects that may be caused due to lung cancer treatment. Proper care for lung cancer can assist a victim to undergo medical and non-medical cures for the disorder in most feasible manner and decrease time required for recovery.

 

Lung Cancer Care – Concept and Ways

 

Lung cancer refers to cancerous or malignant growth of cells in lungs. Such cells restrict normal cells from functioning and also affect process of normal cell development in the area. Situation may worsen if the infected cells metastasize to other areas as well and disturb coordination between various organs of body. Care for cancerous disease in lungs is a set of methods executed or applied to keep proper check on cancerous growth and restrict the infection as early as possible.

 

Care is an important process for both victims and physicians. It helps to predict consequences of the infection and helps to make out average chances of victim to survive. Care also helps to make necessary changes in pattern and focus of treatment from time to time. Care can be preventive and curative and can be equally vital for phases of first time occurrence and recurrence of tumors.

 

Undergoing timely diagnosis and taking good cure is the most important dimension of care for lung cancer. Diagnosis is the backbone of all important processes related to getting rid of the disorder. Various ways are available to diagnose and examine lung tumors. Some of the main ones are bronchoscopy, chest X-rays, sputum test, open lung biopsy, and thoracentesis. Diagnosis in early stages increases chances of survival considerably.

 

Controlling or restricting some of the habits can contribute well in taking good care of victim. Smoking is a habit causing most disastrous consequences to a person in long-run. More than 90% of cases detected and diagnosed for lung cancer worldwide have strong connection with the habit. In the United States of America alone, around 87% cases of the disease were attributed to smoking. It included 90% of male smokers and 85% of female smokers. Hence, controlling smoking can boost efficiency of care process greatly.

 

Another major area to be considered while taking proper care for lung cancer is to avoid excess exposure to asbestos, mustard gas, vinyl chloride, diesel exhaust, coal products, and gasoline. Chronic disorders of lungs, bronchitis, and other major health issues causing breathing problems should be dealt with carefully and in time.

 

People experiencing frequent fatigue, extreme loss of weight in a very small period, sudden loss of appetite, and mild or sever chest pains too frequently must undergo detailed medical tests and take thorough medical advice to cope up with such abnormalities. Such health issues can instigate cancerous growth if not dealt with in time.

 

Another good way of practicing apt lung cancer care is to eliminate non-cancerous tumors at the earliest. Such tumors can be identified through diagnosis and suitable treatment can be planned accordingly. Surgery is the best suitable cure in such situations. Focus should be on restricting cancer cells from redevelopment.

 

 

Lung cancer care can be more effective and long-lasting if strengthening immune system of victim is also focused on. Nutritious diet and active life is the key to keep immune system intact and  also helps in normal functioning of lungs. 

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Published by Caren - dans Cancer
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27 mars 2012 2 27 /03 /mars /2012 10:32

Liver cancer awareness is important to know severity of the disease and the damage it may cause to victim in long-term. It also gives information on other aspects like liver cancer causes and symptoms. One can also become aware of various forms of liver cancer diagnosis patterns and liver cancer therapies if proper and sufficient awareness is undergone. Awareness about liver cancer is usually given through various liver cancer research centers and liver cancer support groups. Awareness can also be spread through educational institutions and medical centers.

 

Why Liver Cancer Awareness?

 

Cancer of liver is a serious growth of malignant cells in liver areas. Such growth can be quite damaging to cells and tissues present in the region and cause formation of cancerous tumors. These tumors restrict themselves to liver only for the first few liver cancer stages. Afterwards, they start to metastasize to other areas of body and increase the scope of infection.

 

According to statistics by American Cancer Society (United States of America), liver cancer survival rate is just 27% in the first stage when the tumors are present only in liver. Localization of tumors decreases the rate further to 9%. tumors usually localize in intermediate stages. Chances of survival are not more than 4% if the tumors are spread to remote areas. Most of the deaths related to liver cancer occur due to late liver cancer diagnosis or taking liver cancer treatments in an inefficient manner. Many people are unaware of liver cancer symptoms displayed by body in case of cancerous formation in liver and are also unknown to different causes of the disorder.

 

Liver cancer awareness is important and useful to educate people about various areas related to cancer of liver. It also helps to know major support groups fighting for concerns of liver cancer patients. Awareness directly or indirectly helps in direct interaction between patients and cancer experts and assist victims in taking right decisions.

 

Awareness about Liver Cancer

 

Liver cancer causes mainly due to excess drinking of alcohol. Alcohol is harmful to body and can instantly kill vital tissues present in liver. Victims of HPV (Human Papillomavirus) should focus on treating the disorder urgently as it is one of the important liver cancer causes and disturb overall immune system of victim's body. Tumors formed in liver cancer grow very fast and can cause irreparable damage to various local or remote areas in a very short time.

 

Cancer of liver has less chances of occurrence in females than males. The disease is detected less in young people and more in those above 50 years. Various liver cancer diagnosis methods are used to   identify and examine tumors. Biopsy of liver, CT (Computed Tomography) scan of abdominal areas, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, ultrasound, and laparoscopy are the leading diagnosis methods.

 

Most of the liver cancer victims show a few common early signs for the disorder. Such signs include inflammation or swelling in liver, frequent infections in liver, sever pains in liver region, unbearable abdominal pains, change in size of abdomen, jaundice, and sudden loss of appetite and weight.

 

 

Liver cancer awareness is very important in timely treatment and early elimination or control of tumors. Major treatments like surgery, biological therapy, chemotherapy, cryosurgery, and radiotherapy are recommended to deal with the disorder safely and ensure early recovery of liver cancer victims.         

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Published by Caren - dans Cancer
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9 mars 2012 5 09 /03 /mars /2012 06:48

Gallbladder cancer symptoms are the most basic indicators of cell abnormality in gallbladder areas and help to confirm pattern and intensity of cancerous growth in the region. Gallbladder cancer early signs also help in undergoing right kind of diagnosis followed by most feasible treatment for the disorder.  Pattern or order of display of early signs may differ from one victim to another depending upon various factors including age, gender, and medical history.

 

Gallbladder Cancer Symptoms and their Role in Tackling the Disorder 

 

Gallbladder is one of the vital organs of human body and performs an important function of digesting fats consumed in form of food stuffs or any other direct or indirect ways. Gallbladder is also the store house for bile. Bile is a form of fluid generated by liver and plays an important role in fat digestion process. Cancerous disorder in gallbladder directly affects functioning of bile ducts. Thus, early identification of abnormal cells in these areas is very important to maintain proper coordination between various organs of the body. 

 

Gallbladder cancer, in most of the cases, develops in glandular portion and is generally of adenocarcinoma form. Such infected cells also infect epithelial areas at a later stage and can also metastasize to other adjacent or remote areas of victim's body. Cancer of gallbladder is generally of two forms - primary and secondary. Primary type of cancerous development in gallbladder refers to initialization of infected cells in the inner areas of gallbladder or the areas falling within the scope of gallbladder region. In a few cases, the disease may also initiate in tissues and cells adjacent to gallbladder. This type of cancer usually metastasizes only in advanced gallbladder cancer stages and can even cause death if not controlled in time. Proper and timely gallbladder cancer diagnosis along with right gallbladder cancer therapy is the key to tackle this condition in time and prevent its recurrence in future. 

 

Secondary form of cancerous infection in gallbladder refers to a condition wherein the cancer cells grow in areas like liver, lymph nodes, blood cells, skin, abdomen, kidney, lungs etc and reach tissues of gallbladder after a certain level. Secondary gallbladder cancer cells cause destruction more severe in comparison to that caused by the primary one and tackling tumors by simple surgical methods is more difficult in this condition.  

 

Gallbladder cancer symptoms displayed by primary and secondary form of the disorder can vary and need to be interpreted well using advanced diagnosis techniques. Gallbladder cancer early signs are closely associated with gallbladder cancer causes. Hence, proper analysis of habits of the victim, dietary pattern, and form of lifestyle has to be done in order to understand symptoms in the right sense. 

 

Main Gallbladder Cancer Early Signs

 

formation of polyps or raised mass in gallbladder, frequent infections or inflammation in gallbladder region, improper digestion of fats leading to obesity, sudden weightlessness or serious loss of appetite (usually occurs in advanced stages), inefficient functioning of liver and bile ducts,  vomiting, alteration in size of gallbladder, and jaundice are some of the major gallbladder cancer symptoms. Some may also experience gallbladder swelling, weakness, nausea, and bloating.

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Published by Caren - dans Cancer
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27 février 2012 1 27 /02 /février /2012 11:38

Gastric cancer care helps in tackling the disease better and minimizes risk of fatalities. Care for gastric cancer is also vital to keep a check on intensity of tumors or chances of gastric cancer recurrence. Care pattern is usually advised by physicians but some techniques can be practiced by the victims themselves without any special medical advice. Care can be both medical and non-medical and plays an important role in reliable recovery of the victim.  

 

Importance and Forms of Gastric Cancer Care 

 

Gastric cancer is a deadly disorder with survival rate of around 50-70% in first stage. Gastric cancer life expectancy is around 30-45% for the second stage while third stage displays average survival rate of 10-20% while those suffering from the final stage have just 4% chances to survive for at least five years from gastric cancer diagnosis. Most patients die due to late detection or inappropriate post-treatment care process. Various dietary restrictions and following healthy lifestyle is the key to proper care of gastric cancer victims.  

 

Gastric cancer treatments are harsh and complicated in advanced gastric cancer stages. People detected for the disorder can be cured by simple surgical methods but those suffering from advanced stages need to undergo strong cure like radiation exposure or chemical therapy. Such treatments cause severe destruction to healthy cells and tissues in the treated region and hamper further growth of healthy tissues in the area. Hence, proper and timely care is vital for efficient elimination of tumors without causing any major impact on other areas of victim's body.  

 

Gastric cancer care can be both medical and non-medical or direct and indirect. Pattern of care depends mainly upon medical history of the victim. People who have suffered or are suffering from any kind of cancerous growth need to be very careful about their health issues. One should undergo regular medical tests meant for tumor detection so that apt gastric cancer treatment can be initiated in time.  

 

Medical care for gastric cancer is provided by physicians and medical centers where the victim approaches for treatment. Such care can be in the form of advising right pattern of gastric cancer diagnosis, apt gastric cancer therapy, or proper follow-up in post-treatment period. Therapies for the disorder need to be taken very carefully considering physical condition of the victim and his mental preparedness to face such treatments. Hence, he should be made aware of the kind and intensity of treatment he is about to undergo.  

 

Non-medical care for stomach cancer can be of various forms and depends mainly upon the kind of people or organizations the victim comes across during or after treatment for the disorder. Various educational and cancer research organizations, health departments of government, newspapers, magazines, and other kinds of media come out with chat sessions, discussions, and forums concerned with issues related to gastric cancer. It leads to considerable gastric cancer awareness and is a vital form of indirect non-medical support for gastric cancer. Such activities may also include conducting seminars or workshops and training well-wishers of the victim to handle his concerns more effectively and positively. This also helps in keeping a check over faulty habits of victims and encourages them to lead an active and healthy lifestyle. It also provides a good mental support for the victim and gives a feeling of being cared. 
 

Gastric cancer care can be effective if supported by implementation of latest breakthroughs and research outputs concerned with the disorder. One should also consider age, gender, and previous medical history of the victim before executing a particular care pattern.   

 

Source: http://www.cancer8.com/gastric-cancer/care.html

  

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Published by Caren Lee - dans Cancer
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  • : Types of Cancer
  • Types of Cancer
  • : Cancer term used for disease in which cancerous cell has uncontrolled growth. This is common to all 200 type of cancer hence cancer awareness is important to prevent it.
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